Progress towards NDP Chapter 5 objectives

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Although Chapter 5 of the NDP does have some good elements and recognises the link to employment, public health, and the importance of aligning policy and regulation towards a transition; there has been little progress towards the plans it lays out.

IndicatorsAchievedComment
Roles and institutional arrangements established, legislated and staffed appropriatelyNO
Evidence base for climate change policy established for both mitigation and adaptationNO
SA Mitigation targets defined and SA taking action to meet itYESSA mitigation target has been defined and submitted under the Paris Agreement, however, this target is not compliant with a less than 2 Degrees Celsius result
Carbon-budgets established and guides infrastructure spending and business plans for appropriate mitigation actionsNONo carbon budgets established
Policy and regulation are aligned to a Just TransitionNOPolicy and regulation are not aligned to a just transition
Potential policy and investment lock-ins identified, trade-offs managed and sunken costs avoidedNOPolicy and investment lock-ins have not been identified, government continues to invest in stranded assets: National Treasury, Department of Energy and Department of Environmental Affairs are not committed to an energy transition e.g. new coal build in the form of Medupi, Khusile and new coal IPPs
Carbon tax in placeNOBy 2018, still no carbon tax in place
Additional mitigation instruments align with the carbon-budgetNONo carbon budget and no additional mitigation instruments have been developed
Flagship Mitigation and Adaptation Projects are under wayNOWe do not have reports available from all of these projects. Furthermore, the Renewable Energy flagship problem was significantly delayed with disastrous  impacts on both carbon emissions and on our economy.
SA accesses international assistance for mitigation and adaptation actionsYESSA accesses international assistance for developing policy and GCF funding has been obtained for small adaptation projects.
Climate change is well represented at forums for regional cooperationNOLittle regional cooperation for climate change, in fact, the South African government
Two additional integrated resource plans (IRP) and include carbon constraints appropriate to SA’s mitigation efforts and the price of carbonNOThere is currently a draft IRP but the carbon constraints are still not appropriate to SA’s mitigation efforts and the price of carbon.
Significant investment in place for climate change research and development plus for skills developmentNOThere is a distinct lack of investment in place for skills development – although a renewable energy training facility has been established in Cape Town, there is little support from SETA’s and other institutions to develop skills for the Green Economy.
Institutional capacity is starting to emerge, based on a just and resilient low-carbon economy and societyNOAt this stage, it seems that only the Department of Environmental Affairs and the four biggest Metros have developed institutional capacity regarding climate change. At Provincial level and within other National Departments, there is little capacity.
By 2020:
The carbon-budget has evolved into an important planning tool that informs ongoing policy development and implementationNOAs we have no carbon budgets, this is unlikely to take place
State capacity has increased and skills development interventions are active all over the countryNO
Annual data on emissions levels and climate impact feeds into policy and regulatory processesNOWe still do not have an updated GHG Inventory. Our calculations are all based on GHGs from the early 2000s.
International assistance has been secured for mitigation projects, to align with global objectivesNO
Resilience planning is integrated into all planning processes in the countryNO
Planning is starting for the post-2030 period with strong regional perspectiveNO
A culture of energy efficiency in society is well establishedYESThe one advantage of increased tariff hikes from Eskom plus load-shedding is that South Africans are far more aware of the need for energy-efficiency.

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